Things that Matter
About the things that matter, if you are a novice gardener, you are probably wondering what the first step is. It is the nourishment, the food for the plants, it is the basis of your kitchen garden.
Getting custom fertilizer complete in the basic elements such as potassium and nitrogen with twice the amount in phosphorus. The common reference to this is 10-20-10 meaning there is twice as much phosphorus as the other two.
Protein synthesis occurs in plants in the nucleus where phosphorus plays a vital role for cell division and tissue growth. All transformations involving energy require phosphorus. So, if you shut out phosphorus, you shut out life. Other things phosphorus helps with are in making the plant mature and in the development of roots.
Phosphorus is an integral part of the DNA of the plant. It is also present in the RNA that reads the genetic code and helps in the building of proteins. The RNA and DNA structures depend on phosphorus for the vital linking. Phosphorus remains in the growing phase with the plants as it helps produce ATP component of the energy cycle.
Nitrogen is a critical element plants need to grow. It plays an important role in many growth process because it is a part of the amino acid. Most plants have 3-4% nitrogen in their tissues above ground level. Amino acid is the constituent compound of proteins. Nitrogen takes part in cell division, photosynthesis, formation of protoplasm, and plant growth.
Nitrogen deficiency can lead to lower levels of chlorophyll that helps in the photosynthesis using water and oxygen in the presence of sunlight. When there is a shortage, the leaves become yellow and the plants become stunted.
Potassium in an essential plant nutrient. Plants need an excessive amount of this element for growth and reproduction. This “quality nutrient” helps with the color, taste, size, and related factors of the plant. Here are some of the things potassium does in plants:
- Regulates carbon dioxide uptake by opening and closing (or closing) the stomata.
- Activates enzymes in plants.
- Helps improve drought resistance.
- Takes part in the water regulation in plants.
Organic Bone Meal Fertilizer and Liquid Seaweed are good natural fertilizers for your home garden. You can use manure for your garden but the vegetables need extra nutrients during the growth phase. Sprinkle fish emulsion (low in phosphorus, rich in nitrogen) once every 10-15 days around your plants. Or, you could use grass clippings, kitchen scrap, tea leaves, and coffee grounds along with egg shells and banana peels to improve the nutrient content of your kitchen garden soil. Enough nutrients help the plants grow well.
Trimming, Deadheading, Pruning, and Weeding
Take Care of Bugs, Pests, and Insects
Choosing What to Grow
Popular Fruit Choices
Best Kitchen Garden Vegetables
Add Some Herbs
Decorative Garden Flowers